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On Demand Audio

Doggy Due Process: Why Breed Discrimination Doesn't Work

(625 reviews)

Produced on November 10, 2014

$ 89 Animal In Stock

Course Information

Time 1h 30m
Difficulty Intermediate
Topics covered in this course: Animal

Course Description

A 2014 national survey revealed that 84% of Americans believe that they should be able to own whatever breed of dog they choose. Unfortunately, some cities enact dangerous dog laws that deprive people of their property - their pets - simply on the basis of breed. Many of these ordinances lack due process protections. More and more 42 U.S.C. 1983 A.D.A. and Fair Housing cases are being filed to combat the illegal taking of pets, and many are successful. We all want safe and humane communities, but how do we achieve it?  Join attorneys Elise "Ledy" VanKavage and Fred Kray as they discuss ways to legally combat breed discrimination and make sure cities enact comprehensive breed neutral ordinances that protect people and pets.  Additionally, learn creative means of filing lawsuits to challenge these ordinances and policies to protect people and the pets they love.  


Learning Objectives: 

I. Identify how to fight bad breed discriminatory ordinances through: 

  • Education
  • Lobbying
  • Litigation

II. Explore types of creative ordinances that people can supply to lawmakers as more effective than breed bans, such as:  

  • Breed neutral ordinances
  • Dangerous dog ordinances
  • Reckless owner ordinances



Fred M. Kray is an AV rated former Board Certified Civil Trial attorney with thirty eight years of experience in all areas of civil litigation in both the state and federal courts in Florida, including appeals. Trial to verdict of over seventy-five civil jury trials in Dade, Monroe, Broward and Palm Beach Counties. His animal law experience includes dangerous dog claims, pet store litigation involving puppy mill sales, Florida Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices Act, Pet Lemon law claims, replevin actions for companion animals, and veterinary malpractice. He recently co-authored with Adam Karp, Esq. Defending Against Dangerous Dog Classifications, 128 Am. Jur. Proof of Facts 3d 291 (2012). He also has successfully litigated and overturned breed discriminatory ordinances in Federal Court pursuant to §1983 in both Moses Lake, Washington and New Llano, Louisiana. He is the author of the website


Ledy VanKavage is the Senior Legislative Attorney for Best Friends Animal Society located in Kanab, Utah. In 1985 she organized the Madison County Coalition Against Pound Seizure, successfully stopping the sale of pets for research in her county. She then founded the Madison County Humane Society( now Metro East Humane Society) and was its president for eight years. In 1992 she co-founded the Illinois Federation of Humane Societies and was a cofounder of Operation SPOT (Stop Pet Overpopulation Today.) Before coming to Best Friends Ledy was the Senior Director of Legislation and Legal Training for the ASPCA. She has spearheaded the passage of over 30 humane state bills during her lobbying tenure and is a past Chair of the American Bar Association’s Animal Law Committee. Ledy is the recipient of the ABA’s Excellence in Animal Law award for 2015. She has been interviewed on MSNBC, NPR, the Chicago Tribune, Time Magazine and the New York Times. Ledy and her husband Cliff Froehlich have two adopted pit bull terriers, Karma Korn and Bella Abzug. They also oversee a community cat colony.


Anna K.

Loved the dog picture and very interesting discussion

Debra O.

No one loves their legal work more than these guys.

Joshua L.

Very informative and well presented.

Stephen G.

The presenters made it very interesting.

Mary Ann D.

I loved the slides - can you identify the Pit Bull! Very effective.

Retha M.

Course and slides presented key elements for preparing and litigating a breed discriminatory law or ordinance. Good overview.

Robert E.

Great presentation by two attorneys in the thick of litigating government breed restrictions.

Pamela W.

Interesting discussion of this topic

Ebone L.

This was a very informative and interesting presentation.

Ross B.


Andrew A.

I learned a lot.

Adam M.

A pleasure to learn from these speakers

Ann G.

One of the. best presentations on animal topics

Marshall V.

Good presentation & good work.

Daniel B. F.

Like a good radio talk show. Made it fun and easy to learn.

Marian H.

good speakers

Katrina P.

Amazing! Loved it!

Andrew P.

Fantastic course Wonderful speakers Excellent information

Constance H.

Outstanding presentation. Speakers worked well together and they were extremely knowledgeable.

Mindi S.

I want to practice animal discrimination cases after this course.

Lawrence G.

good info

Edward S.

This was a "ruff" class to watch!

Vid B.

Very Informative

Francine A.

Great information!

Charles G.

great speakers, great topic.

Kelly F.

I really enjoyed this topic. I have a chow mix that I rescued from a kill-shelter and I ran into significant issues trying to obtain homeowners insurance. He was discriminated simply because he is part chow and many insurance companies won't insure that

Catherine M.

Excellent program and very informative. Great examples and case law mixed into the program.

Siobhan C.


Florence D N.


Lindsay B.

Such an interesting and informative course. Thank you!

Stephanie D.

Loved this topic

Susan B.

It's a subject very close to my heart. I really appreciate what they do for the dogs.

Rachel T.

Excellent presentation and speakers

Michael B.


Ursula T.

Excellent seminar from passionate dog advocates. Highly recommend!

Suzanne B.

Fascinating information on how to defend against breed discrimination.

Frank B.

I enjoyed the fact that the instructors were passionate about the subject.

Sherry Z.

Informative course on a newer topic. My favorite so far.

Armando S.

Most interesting CLE that I've crammed in this weekend before my deadline!

Nancy A.

Really, really excellent!

Kimberly M.

Really practical information about litigating breed discrimination cases. Extremely interesting and useful.

Christine R.

Loved it.

Frederick S.

Both were excellent presenters, well experienced and the course was well laid out. Thank you.

Veronica B.

Particularly valuable to me being the owner of a "pit bull"/Shepard mix. Kudos to the presenters!

Terresa E.

Very good program. I learned how difficult it is to determine a breed of dog just based on physical looks.

Angie I.

I enjoyed this course very much.

Briana B.

I heartily recommend this course. CLE credit was not offered for my state, but I watched anyway because it sounded like a compelling presentation -- it did not disappoint. Fantastic.

Robin S.

good session

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