The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (the “Hague Convention”) protects children from wrongful removal or retention from their habitual residence. Despite being one of the first elements that must be proven by a petitioning parent in order for the Court to hear a case arising under the Hague Convention, “habitual residence” is not defined by the text of the Hague Convention. The only guidance provided by the language of the Hague Convention is that the relevant point in time to be analyzed is “immediately before the removal or retention” and that it is the child’s habitual residence that must be proven, not the habitual residence of the parents.
This course, presented by Valentina Shaknes and Justine Stringer of McLaughlin Stern, provides a deep-dive into how Courts have determined what constitutes the “habitual residence” of a child under the Hague Convention.
Valentina Shaknes is a founding partner at KSTM. Since graduating from law school, she has practiced exclusively matrimonial and family law. Valentina represents clients in a wide variety of complex matrimonial matters involving high-conflict equitable distribution and custody disputes, child and spousal support, and pre- and post-nuptial agreements. Valentina particularly specializes in valuations and divisions of closely-held businesses and complicated custody proceedings.
Valentina has successfully litigated matters in both Supreme and Family Courts in New York, Kings, Nassau, Westchester, and Columbia Counties, and has appeared before the appellate courts for the First and Second Judicial Departments.
Valentina has also successfully litigated international child custody and international child abduction disputes, including proceedings in federal district and appellate courts, under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction.
Before co-founding KSTM, Valentina served as co-chair of the matrimonial practice at McLaughlin & Stern LLP. After graduating from law school, she was an associate in the matrimonial department of Blank Rome LLP, where she worked with the other three founding partners of KSTM.
Valentina received her law degree from Brooklyn Law School, where she served as the associate managing editor of the Journal for Law and Policy. During law school, she earned first place in the Domenick L. Gabrielli National Family Law Moot Court Competition
PUBLICATIONS AND PRESENTATIONS
Justine Stringer represents high-net-worth individuals in complex and often high-conflict matrimonial and family matters. She routinely appears in the Supreme and Family Courts in New York, Kings, Bronx, Queens, Nassau, and Westchester counties, and has litigated order of protection cases pro bono for victims of domestic violence.
She has also successfully litigated international child custody and international child abduction disputes, including proceedings in federal court under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction.
Before joining KSTM, Justine worked with Valentina Shaknes and Jordan Messeri in the matrimonial group at McLaughlin & Stern LLP. After graduating from New York Law School, she worked as a volunteer law clerk for the Honorable New York County Supreme Court Justice Matthew F. Cooper.
Great explanation of a difficult subject.
Good job by the presenters.
Both presenters were very pleasant to listen to and knew their stuff. Bravo