On Demand Audio

An Analysis of Heller and Its Progeny

(776 reviews)

Produced on December 05, 2016

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Course Information

Time 90 minutes
Difficulty Beginner
Categories Constitutional

Course Description

In 2008 the Supreme Court of the United States decided District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 U.S. 570. The significant case has been followed in all jurisdictions to protect an individual’s right to possess a firearm for lawful purposes including self-defense.  Later cases, such as McDonald v. Chicago, recognized the Second Amendment as extending to the states under the 14th Amendment.  

The majority decision in McDonald also made clear that firearms restrictions include those to "prohibit… the possession of firearms by felons or mentally ill" and "laws forbidding the carrying of firearms in sensitive places such as schools and government buildings, or laws imposing conditions and qualifications on the commercial sale of arms” were permissible.

This course, led by attorney Robert La Reddola, discusses this legal backdrop and analyze legal issues such as the scope of future legislative restrictions, the effect of concealed carry legislation, the impact of mass shootings and the limits of mental hygiene records access.   

Learning Objectives:  
  1. Define the scope of Heller and its progeny  
  2. Recognize the legal and Constitutional Issues involved in rifles and handgun legislation
  3. Understand current federal enforcement under the National Firearms Act, The 1934 Gun Control Act, the Law Enforcement Officers Protection Act, The Firearms Owner’s Protection Act and The Brady Bill of 1994

  4. Explore the conflicts between state and federal issues issues
  5. Gain insight on essential concepts of privacy, 4th Amendment  Jurisprudence and the National Instant Background Check system
  6. Grasp concepts of civil liability for individuals, guns dealers, law  enforcement and gun manufacturers
  7. Identify future trends and proposed state and federal legislation

Credit Information

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Robert La Reddola

La Reddola, Lester and Associates, LLP

Robert J. La Reddola is a 1995 graduate of St. John's University School of Law. He attended Law School in the evenings while working full time as a civil engineer. He is admitted to practice in the State of New York, State of Connecticut and the United States District Courts for the Eastern and Southern Districts of New York. He received his Bachelor's Degree in Engineering from Manhattan College School of Engineering, where he graduated as valedictorian of his class. Prior to establishing his own firm in 1997, he was an associate with the New York City law firm Mazur Carp & Rubin. Robert is an active member of the Bar Association of the City of New York and Nassau County Bar Association. As a dedicated commercial law attorney with a focus on construction law, his practice includes significant cases in many aspects of New York City construction including contractual disputes, liens, bond claims, ECB and LPB violations, arbitration and mediations. He is a court approved mediator for both general and commercial mediations. He is also a court approved mediator for bankruptcy court.

The fact patterns of his cases range from international business transactions, balcony repairs, mold remediation, complex HVAC issues, start-up of a sewage treatment plant, crane accidents, and Federal Contract work under the Federal Acquisition Rules among many others His work includes navigating the path to the NYC Procurement Policy Board and appeals. He is also well practiced in corporate disputes and Not For Profit law. He provides Pro Bono and compensated legal representation to those involuntarily confined in the Mental Health System, with an aim towards maximum independence. He has litigated to completion significant 14th Amendment cases involving due process and loss of property without a hearing.

As part of his Federal Civil Rights practice, he has successfully litigated the case of Razzano v. County of Nassau, 765 F.Supp.2d 176, and Panzella v. County of Nassau, 2015 WL 5607750; EDNY, Aug. 26, 2015. He has represented numerous private individuals seeking to have their firearms rights restored post arrest or other disqualification


Anthony S.

Excellent and thorough review of recent 2nd amendment issues.

Jeffrey Arlen S.

Excellent presentation!

Charles S.

Best course I’ve taken this CLE cycle - by far.

Kathleen S.



As a ConLaw nerd - loved the presentation!

Angela F.

Very informative on an area of law that everyone seems to have an opinion about, but few are knowledgeable about. Would strongly recommend this course.

Peter F.

Very interesting and relevant presentation. Teacher knew the subject inside and out.

Matthew M.

Great course! I look forward to this update every time I need CLE credit!

Scott R.

Well done. Shows you need to do your homework.

Robert L.


John Jeffrey M.

Best CLE I’ve heard in a long, long time

Carl C.

Great presentation by effective speaker

Jeffrey K.

Very interesting and well done.

Robert H.

Very interesting course.

Laurie P.

Surprisingly interesting!

Susan L. W.

Great volume of resource case materials.

Meredith G.

Very interesting and clear articulation of the reasoning behind Heller and what is needed for gun control laws to pass scrutiny.

Kevin S.

very informative program; very well presented

Greg L.

lots of caselaw and nuance to digest; clearly he knows his stuff

Douglas B.

I appreciate this topic being among your offerings.

Patricia W.

Good speaker, great analysis of background litigation to today.

John C.

Good presenter.

Eric L.

I enjoyed the practitioner perspective

Beth S.

Very interesting! This is a case/issue that comes up a lot in state politics and policy here in Washington State. This course provided a useful overview.

Richard H.

Well done! The instructor was very knowledgeable and did a nice job of covering the key cases.

Eileen N.

Was interesting to hear from gun owner plaintiff side.

stephen p.

Nice 2nd A overview on current law and backgroun.

Jenik R.

solid presentation with insight, and pragmatic

Marvin S.

very good

Heidi E.

Very informative and helpful history of this area.

Steve S.

Fine course.

Dwaine C.

Very good analytical discussion by an attorney who knows this area of the law.

Thomas C.

Covers it in detail with plenty of valuable references

Julie S.

Great presentation!

edward s.


Andrew H.

EXCELLENT JOB; thank you!!

Glen I.

Very well prepared and presented program!

David M.

This course was great! Would like to see more on this issue.

Santo G.

Mr. LaReddola did an outstanding job explaining the topic especially given the history and complexity of the 2nd Amendment issues. I look forward to future updates as the cases come down after Heller.

Jeffrey G.

Excellent presentation

Corey E.

Thank you

Donald L.

Thank you.

Michael H.

Very informative!

Mark B.

very good

Raymond G.

Very good presenter and very good course

Paul N.

Outstanding Presenter

Donald S.

Fantastic analysis. Highly recommend!

Brian O.

Excellent job

Denise J.

Wonderful course. Materials excellent!

Jerod B.

We need more firearms classes. Thanks

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