In the last 15 years, schools around the country began to criminalize normative child and adolescent behavior. Police and police-like security forces were increasingly used to maintain security in our schools. However, this enforcement practice, like law enforcement practices in the community, disproportionately affected students of color and students with special needs. Zero tolerance policies enabled the increased use of police response in schools. Countless numbers of students faced exclusionary practices that unnecessarily pushed them into a court system lacking resources to adequately respond to school environment issues. Students were exposed to criminal records and the accompanying collateral consequences for behavior that, in the past, had been addressed with a conference in the principal’s office or a call home.
Nancy Ginsburg, who oversees the adolescent practice focused on teens who are prosecuted in the adult court system for the Criminal Defense Practice of the Legal Aid Society in New York City, examines the history of the school to prison pipeline, the effects of criminalizing school behavior and the individual and systemic reforms that can be applied to remedy the harm created by this phenomenon.
I. Define the school to prison pipeline
II. Explore an overview of the laws and practices supporting the school to prison pipeline
III. Review the disproportionate effect of the pipeline on students of color and those with special needs
IV. Recognize different reforms around the country
V. Understand the reform guidance provided by the federal government
VI. Identify mechanisms for individual and systemic reform
Nancy Ginsburg is the director of the Adolescent Intervention and Diversion Project in the Criminal Practice of the Legal Aid Society. The project represents adolescents citywide who are 13-15 years old and are charged with violent felonies prosecuted in Supreme Court and 16-18 year olds prosecuted in Criminal and Supreme Courts. The lawyers and social workers provide advocacy to obtain foster care, mental health and educational services. Ms. Ginsburg has been with the Legal Aid Society for over twenty years as an attorney in the Juvenile Rights and Criminal Practices. Ms. Ginsburg has represented thousands of children and adolescents in criminal, juvenile delinquency, child protective, foster care, and educational administrative proceedings. Ms. Ginsburg is responsible for supervising and training lawyers in the area of adolescent practice and educational advocacy throughout the five borough offices of the Criminal Practice of The Legal Aid Society. She was co-counsel in JG vs. Mills, a federal lawsuit addressing the school re-entry rights of court-involved youth. Ms. Ginsburg is responsible for legislative and policy issues concerning court-involved adolescents in the adult Criminal Court system. She testifies frequently before the New York City Council. She was a member of the New York City School Justice Partnership Task Force, the New York City Council Gun Violence Task Force and the Task Force on the Future of Probation in New York State.
The faculty was extremely knowledgeable, and the course was well organized.
The revelation of the statistics on discrimination was especially useful
Very clear and concise.
Highlights true problems in the educational system.
This was a great, very thorough presentation on a really interesting subject. Thank you!
Excellent presentation on an important topic!
This course was really good!
Good program. Some illustrative stories would liven it up a little more!
Very clear and helpful. Thank you!
this was my first course and I was impressed. Thank you
Very informative and staff very knowledgeable.
I learned a lot.
Really enjoyed this. Great job by the instructor. Also, the technology has improved greatly since the last time I took Lawline courses.
Interesting and complex issues; well presented.
enjoyed this one! The slides/handouts made it easy to follow! Thanks
highly recommend; learned a lot!
This is a critically important area of the law and I am delighted to see it addressed in so thorough a manner.
The presenter was both knowledgeable and caring.
The program was substantive, interesting and well-delivered. Interested in taking more courses with this presenter.
Very informative. Good organization.
application of federal mandates was good
Good content across the board. Good speaker. Knew her stuff.
great offensive/proactive approach
Greatly needed info.
Thank you for bringing such diverse programs for CLE credit. Another area where we see racial disparities is in the context of the environment. It would be great to see a program on that emerging area of legal and science policy.
Excellent speaker. Very informative course.
Great material. Well presented.
This was most helpful. I recently completed ten years on the Board of a failed Charter School in 100% low income area. We failed in a struggle to keep children in the school, and maintain high enough scores to be re-chartered. Many of recommendations you
Very interesting seminar on an important topic
Introduced me to an area of law I knew nothing about. Very interesting!
Excellent instructor. Great knowledge of topic.
Very informative and timey
Very good time for this subject...
So much information clearly and effectively presented in this presentation. Excellent concise responses to questions that arose from the audience. Outstanding organization and presentation!
One of the best CLEs I've experienced on Lawline so far.
Highly informative with supplemental resources that will be very useful
This presenter was well organized, stayed on topic and was easy to follow. Written materials were likewise well organized.
A very knowledgeable presenter who handled live questions well.
Good speaker, well informed covered a lot of ground.
Very easy to use